International Journal of Optimization in Civil Engineering
http://ijoce.iust.ac.ir
Iran University of Science & Technology - Journal articles for year 2012, Volume 2, Number 3Yektaweb Collection - http://www.yektaweb.comen2012/7/11AN IMPROVED CHARGED SYSTEM SEARCH FOR STRUCTURAL DAMAGE IDENTIFICATION IN BEAMS AND FRAMES USING CHANGES IN NATURAL FREQUENCIES
http://ijoce.iust.ac.ir/browse.php?a_id=94&sid=1&slc_lang=en
<font size="2">It is well known that damaged structural members may alter the behavior of the structures considerably. Careful observation of these changes has often been viewed as a means to identify and assess the location and severity of damages in structures. Among the responses of a structure, natural frequencies are both relatively easy to obtain and independent from external excitation, and therefore, could be used as a measure of the structure's behavior before and after an extreme event which might have lead to damage in the structure. Inverse problem of detection and assessment of structural damage using the changes in natural frequencies is addressed in this paper. This can be considered as an optimization problem with the location and severity of the damages being its variables. The objective is to set these variables such that the natural frequencies of the finite element model correspond to the experimentally measured frequencies of the actual damaged structure. In practice, although the exact number of damaged elements is unknown, it is usually believed to be small compared to the total number of elements of the structure. In beams and frames particularly, the necessity to divide the structural members into smaller ones in order to detect the location of the cracks more accurately, deepens this difference. This can significantly improve the performance of the optimization algorithms in solving the inverse problem of damage detection. In this paper, the Charged System Search algorithm developed by Kaveh and Talatahari [1] is improved to comprise the above mentioned point. The performance of the improved algorithm is then compared to the standard one in order to emphasize the efficiency of the proposed algorithm in damage detection inverse problems.</font> A. KavehA UNIFIED MODEL FOR RESOURCE-CONSTRAINED PROJECT SCHEDULING PROBLEM WITH UNCERTAIN ACTIVITY DURATIONS
http://ijoce.iust.ac.ir/browse.php?a_id=95&sid=1&slc_lang=en
<font size="2">In this paper we present a unified (probabilistic/possibilistic) model for resource-constrained project scheduling problem (RCPSP) with uncertain activity durations and a concept of a heuristic approach connected to the theoretical model. It is shown that the uncertainty management can be built into any heuristic algorithm developed to solve RCPSP with deterministic activity durations. The essence and viability of our unified model are illustrated by fuzzy examples presented in the recent fuzzy RCPSP literature.</font> A. CsébfalviESTIMATION OF INVERSE DYNAMIC BEHAVIOR OF MR DAMPERS USING ARTIFICIAL AND FUZZY-BASED NEURAL NETWORKS
http://ijoce.iust.ac.ir/browse.php?a_id=96&sid=1&slc_lang=en
<font size="2">In this paper the performance of Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) and Adaptive Neuro- Fuzzy Inference Systems (ANFIS) in simulating the inverse dynamic behavior of Magneto- Rheological (MR) dampers is investigated. MR dampers are one of the most applicable methods in semi active control of seismic response of structures. Various mathematical models are introduced to simulate the dynamic behavior of MR dampers. The Modified Bouc-Wen model is an appropriate model that has an acceptable accuracy in calculating the generated force of dampers compared to others. In this model displacement and voltage of a MR damper are known while the force generated by MR damper is considered as the unknown. Because of highly nonlinear characteristics of modified bouc-wen model determination of inverse dynamic behavior of MR dampers are generally done using ANNs and ANFIS. Since the ANNs and ANFIS have different mechanisms for emulating desired functions, their responses may be different. In this research the performance of a Back Propagation Neural Network (BPNN), Radial Basis Functions Neural Network (RBFNN) and ANFIS in estimating the inverse dynamic behavior of MR dampers are compared. The results emphasize on the advancement of ANFIS to the other methods studied in estimation of inverse dynamic behavior of MR dampers.</font> M.R. GhasemiOPTIMAL CONTROL OF PUMPING STATIONS IN OPEN CHANNELS BY METAHEURISTIC FIREFLY ALGORITHM
http://ijoce.iust.ac.ir/browse.php?a_id=97&sid=1&slc_lang=en
<font size="2">Optimum control of upstream pumping station in open channels with given constraint in downstream end is presented in this paper. The upstream control is capable of minimizing water level fluctuations in the channel in which the downstream pumping station causes an undesirable wave. The proposed method combines an unsteady non-uniform flow solver with shock-capturing capability, Fourier series and metaheuristic firefly algorithm. Fourier series is used to estimate the optimum inflow control and firefly algorithm is utilized to determine the unknown coefficients in the series. With a suitable objective function, the procedure generates the optimum inflow hydrograph that can effectively cancel destructive downstream waves. The results have been compared with the results obtained by a variational approach and show satisfactory improvement both in simplicity and the value of objective function. </font>A. BaghlaniPERFORMANCE BASED OPTIMAL SEISMIC DESIGN OF RC SHEAR WALLS INCORPORATING SOIL–STRUCTURE INTERACTION USING CSS ALGORITHM
http://ijoce.iust.ac.ir/browse.php?a_id=98&sid=1&slc_lang=en
<font size="2">In this article optimal design of shear walls is performed under seismic loading. For practical aims, a database of special shear walls is created. Special shear walls are used for seismic design optimization employing the charged system search algorithm as an optimizer. Constraints consist of design and performance limitations. Nonlinear behavior of the shear wall is taken into account and performance based seismic design optimization is accomplished. Capacity curves of the optimal solution are determined and compared incorporates soil–structure interaction. Also an optimization based method is proposed for bilinear approximation of capacity curve. These are a new methodology for seismic RC shear wall optimum design. </font>A. KavehCOMPARATIVE COSTS OF THE PRODUCTION, TRANSPORT AND ASSEMBLY STAGES OF PRESTRESSED PRECAST SLABS USING GENETIC ALGORITHMS
http://ijoce.iust.ac.ir/browse.php?a_id=99&sid=1&slc_lang=en
<font size="2">In the precast structures, optimization of structural elements is of great interest mainly due to a more rationalized way that elements are produced. There are several elements of precast prestressed concrete that are objects of study in optimization processes, as the prestressed joist applied in buildings slabs. This article inquires into cost minimization of continuous and simply supported slabs, formed by unialveolar beams and prestressed joist, using Genetic Algorithms (GAs). Comparative analyses of the final costs were made for these two precast elements, previously investigated in Castilho [1] and Castilho [2]. Furthermore, parcels of cost function were analyzed for the cases of prestressed joist and unialveolar beam, and the results show that the production stage of the element matches the largest part of the cost function. Also, although the prestressed joist is more economical, unialveolar beam reaches the market to compete with the other precast elements for slabs.</font> V. C. CastilhoA COMPRATIVE STUDY OF THREE METAHEURISTICS FOR OPTIMUM DESIGN OF TRUSSES
http://ijoce.iust.ac.ir/browse.php?a_id=100&sid=1&slc_lang=en
<font face="tahoma,arial,helvetica,sans-serif" size="2">In the present study, the computational performance of the particle swarm optimization (PSO) harmony search (HS) and firefly algorithm (FA), as popular metaheuristics, is investigated for size and shape optimization of truss structures. The PSO was inspired by the social behavior of organisms such as bird flocking. The HS imitates the musical performance process which takes place when a musician searches for a better state of harmony, while the FA was based on the idealized behavior of the flashing characteristics of natural fireflies. These algorithms were inspired from different natural sources and their convergence behavior is focused in this paper. Several benchmark size and shape optimization problems of truss structures are solved using PSO, HS and FA and the results are compared. The numerical results demonstrate the superiority of FA to HS and PSO.</font> S. Gholizadeh