2013
3
3
11
510
TOPOLOGY OPTIMIZATION OF SPACE STRUCTURES USING ANT COLONY METHOD
2
2
In this article, the ant colony method is utilized for topology optimization of space structures. Strain energy of the structure is minimized while the material volume is limited to a certain amount. In other words, the stiffest possible structure is sought when certain given materials are used. In addition, a noise cleaning technique is addressed to prevent undesirable members in optimum topology. The performance of the method for topology optimization of space structures are demonstrated by three numerical examples.
359
370
S.M.
Tavakkoli
S.M.
Tavakkoli
L.
Shahryari
L.
Shahryari
A.
Parsa
A.
Parsa
space structure, topology optimization, Ant Colony Algorithm
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A NEW APPROACH TO PLASTIC DESIGN AND OPTIMIZATION OF PARALELL CHORD VIERENDEEL GIRDERS
2
2
This study was prompted by the need to elaborate on recent developments in plastic design of, parallel chord Vierendeel girders (VG). The paper proposes exact, general solutions to two novel classes of VG under practical loading conditions, a-VG of uniform section, where the chords and the verticals may be composed of two different prismatic sections, and b-VG of uniform strength, where the constituent elements are selected in such a way as to induce a state of equal stress for all members of the structure. It has been shown that the total weight of both classes of VG can be minimized by the proper selection of the relative strengths of the members of each system. The essence of the paper is based on a novel failure mechanism presented for the first time in this article. It has been shown that racking moments can be utilized to conduct spot checks on final solutions. Several generic examples have been provided to demonstrate the applications and the validity of the proposed solutions.
371
388
Grigorian
Grigorian
vierendeel girders, plastic design, minimum weight, uniform strength
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USING LATIN HYPERCUBE SAMPLING BASED ON THE ANN-HPSOGA MODEL FOR ESTIMATION OF THE CREATION PROBABILITY OF DAMAGED ZONE AROUND UNDERGROUND SPACES
2
2
The excavation damaged zone (EDZ) can be defined as a rock zone where the rock properties and conditions have been changed due to the processes related to an excavation. This zone affects the behavior of rock mass surrounding the construction that reduces the stability and safety factor and increase probability of failure of the structure. In this paper, a methodology was examined for computing the creation probability of damaged zone by Latin hypercube sampling based on a feed-forward artificial neural network (ANN) optimized by hybrid particle swarm optimization and genetic algorithm (HPSOGA). The HPSOGA was carried out to decide the initial weights of the neural network. A case study in a test gallery of the Gotvand dam, Iran was carried out and creation probabilities of 0.191 for highly damaged zone (HDZ) and 0.502 for EDZ were obtained.
389
408
H.
Fattahi
H.
Fattahi
S.
Shojaee
S.
Shojaee
M A.
Ebrahimi Farsangi
M A.
Ebrahimi Farsangi
Mansouri
Mansouri
latin hypercube sampling, artificial neural network, particle swarm optimization, genetic algorithm, The creation probability of damaged zone
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OPTIMIZATION OF TMD PARAMETERS FOR EARTHQUAKE VIBRATIONS OF TALL BUILDINGS INCLUDING SOIL STRUCTURE INTERACTION
2
2
This paper investigates the optimized parameters of Tuned Mass Dampers (TMDs) for high-rise structures considering Soil Structure Interaction (SSI) effects. Three optimization methods, namely the ant colony optimization (ACO) technique together with artificial bee colony (ABC) and shuffled complex evolution (SCE) methods are utilized for the optimization of TMD Mass, damping coefficient and spring stiffness as the design variables. The objective is to decrease the maximum displacement of structure. The 40 story structure with three soil types is employed to design TMD for six types of far field earthquakes. The results are then utilized to obtain relations for the optimized TMD parameters with SSI effects. The relations are then applied to design TMD for the same structure with another five types of far field oscillations, and reasonable results are achieved. For further investigations, the obtained relations are utilized to design TMD for a new structure, and the reduction values are obtained for five types of earthquakes, which show acceptable results. This study improves the understanding of earthquake oscillations, and helps the designers to achieve the optimized TMD for high-rise buildings.
409
429
A.
Farshidianfar
A.
Farshidianfar
S.
Soheili
S.
Soheili
tuned mass damper (TMD), soil-structure interaction (SSI), ant colony optimization (ACO), artificial bee colony (ABC), shuffled complex evolution (SCE), curve fitting
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SIZE AND GEOMETRY OPTIMIZATION OF TRUSSES USING TEACHING-LEARNING-BASED OPTIMIZATION
2
2
A novel optimization algorithm named teaching-learning-based optimization (TLBO) algorithm and its implementation procedure were presented in this paper. TLBO is a meta-heuristic method, which simulates the phenomenon in classes. TLBO has two phases: teacher phase and learner phase. Students learn from teachers in teacher phases and obtain knowledge by mutual learning in learner phase. The suitability of TLBO for size and geometry optimization of structures in structural optimal design was tested by three truss examples. Meanwhile, these examples were used as benchmark structures to explore the effectiveness and robustness of TLBO. The results were compared with those of other algorithms. It is found that TLBO has advantages over other optimal algorithms in convergence rate and accuracy when the number of variables is the same. It is much desired for TLBO to be applied to the tasks of optimal design of engineering structures.
431
444
W.
Cheng
W.
Cheng
F.
Liu
F.
Liu
L.J.
Li
L.J.
Li
teaching-learning-based optimization (TLBO); size and geometry optimization; truss structure
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OPTIMAL ANALYSIS OF NON-REGULAR GRAPHS USING THE RESULTS OF REGULAR MODELS VIA AN ITERATIVE METHOD
2
2
In this paper an efficient method is developed for the analysis of non-regular graphs which contain regular submodels. A model is called regular if it can be expressed as the product of two or three subgraphs. Efficient decomposition methods are available in the literature for the analysis of some classes of regular models.
In the present method, for a non-regular model, first the nodes of the non-regular part of such model are ordered followed by ordering the nodes of the regular part. With this ordering the graph matrices will be separated into two blocks. The eigensolution of the non-regular part can be performed by an iterative method, and those of the regular part can easily be calculated using decomposition approaches studied in our previous articles. Some numerical examples are included to illustrate the efficiency of the new method.
445
463
H.
Rahami
H.
Rahami
A.
Kaveh
A.
Kaveh
H.
Mehanpour
H.
Mehanpour
regular graphs; product graphs; non-regular graphs; decomposition; iteration method
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A TWO-STAGE DAMAGE DETECTION METHOD FOR LARGE-SCALE STRUCTURES BY KINETIC AND MODAL STRAIN ENERGIES USING HEURISTIC PARTICLE SWARM OPTIMIZATION
2
2
In this study, an approach for damage detection of large-scale structures is developed by employing kinetic and modal strain energies and also Heuristic Particle Swarm Optimization (HPSO) algorithm. Kinetic strain energy is employed to determine the location of structural damages. After determining the suspected damage locations, the severity of damages is obtained based on variations of modal strain energy between the analytical models and the responses measured in damaged models using time history dynamic analysis data. In this paper, damages are modeled as a reduction of elasticity modulus of structural elements. The detection of structural damages is formulated as an unconstrained optimization problem that is solved by HPSO algorithm. To evaluate the performance of the proposed method, the results are compared with those provided in previous studies. To demonstrate the ability of this method for detection of multiple structural damages, different types of damage scenarios are considered. The results show that the proposed method can detect the exact locations and the severity of damages with a high accuracy in large-scale structures.
465
482
P.
Torkzadeh
P.
Torkzadeh
Y.
Goodarzi
Y.
Goodarzi
E.
Salajegheh
E.
Salajegheh
damage detection; kinetic strain energy; modal strain energy; heuristic particle swarm optimization
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OPTIMUM DESIGN OF REINFORCED CONCRETE FRAMES USING BAT META-HEURISTIC ALGORITHM
2
2
The main aim of the present study is to achieve optimum design of reinforced concrete (RC) plane moment frames using bat algorithm (BA) which is a newly developed meta-heuristic optimization algorithm based on the echolocation behaviour of bats. The objective function is the total cost of the frame and the design constraints are checked during the optimization process based on ACI 318-08 code. Design variables are the cross-sectional assignments of the structural members and are selected from a data set containing a finite number of sectional properties of beams and columns in a practical range. Three design examples including four, eight and twelve story RC frames are presented and the results are compared with those of other algorithms. The numerical results demonstrate the superiority of the BA to the other meta-heuristic algorithms in terms of the frame optimal cost and the convergence rate.
483
497
S.
Gholizadeh
S.
Gholizadeh
V.
Aligholizadeh
V.
Aligholizadeh
structural optimization, reinforced concrete frame, meta-heuristic, bat algorithm
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OPTIMAL DESIGN OF TRUSS BRIDGES USING TEACHING-LEARNING-BASED OPTIMIZATION ALGORITHM
2
2
In this study, teaching-learning-based optimization (TLBO) algorithm is employed for the first time for optimization of real world truss bridges. The objective function considered is the weight of the structure subjected to design constraints including internal stress within bar elements and serviceability (deflection). Two examples demonstrate the effectiveness of TLBO algorithm in optimization of such structures. Various design groups have been considered for each problem and the results are compared. Both tensile and compressive stresses are taken into account. The results show that TLBO has a great intrinsic capability in problems involving nonlinear design criteria.
499
510
M. H.
Makiabadi
M. H.
Makiabadi
A.
Baghlani
A.
Baghlani
H.
Rahnema
H.
Rahnema
M. A.
Hadianfard
M. A.
Hadianfard
Bridge, truss, sizing optimization, teaching-learning-based optimization
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