2011
1
4
4
645
AN OPTIMIZATION-BASED COMPARATIVE STUDY OF DOUBLE LAYER GRIDS WITH TWO DIFFERENT CONFIGURATIONS USING CUCKOO SEARCH ALGORITHM
2
2
This paper is concerned with the economical comparison between two commonly used configurations for double layer grids and determining their optimum span-depth ratio. Two ranges of spans as small and big sizes with certain bays of equal length in two directions and various types of element grouping are considered for each type of square grids. In order to carry out a precise comparison between different systems, optimum design procedure based on the Cuckoo Search (CS) algorithm is developed. The CS is a meta-heuristic algorithm recently developed that is inspired by the behavior of some Cuckoo species in combination with the Lévy flight behavior of some birds and insects. The design algorithm obtains minimum weight grid through appropriate selection of tube sections available in AISC Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD). Strength constraints of AISC-LRFD specification and displacement constraints are imposed on grids. The comparison is aimed at finding the depth at which each of the different configurations shows its advantages. The results are graphically presented from which the optimum depth can easily be estimated for each type, while the influence of element grouping can also be realized at the same time.
507
520
A.
Kaveh
A.
Kaveh
T.
Bakhshpoori
T.
Bakhshpoori
E.
Afshari
E.
Afshari
Double layer grids, Cuckoo Search algorithm, Optimization, Span-depth ratio, Optimum depth, Element grouping
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A TWO-STAGE SIMP-ACO METHOD FOR RELIABILITY-BASED TOPOLOGY OPTIMIZATION OF DOUBLE LAYER GRIDS
2
2
For reliability-based topology optimization (RBTO) of double layer grids, a two-stage optimization method is presented by applying “Solid Isotropic Material with Penalization” and “Ant Colony Optimization” (SIMP-ACO method). To achieve this aim, first, the structural stiffness is maximized using SIMP. Then, the characteristics of the obtained topology are used to enhance ACO through six modifications. As numerical examples, reliability-based topology designs of typical double layer grids are obtained by ACO and SIMP-ACO methods. Their numerical results reveal the effectiveness of the proposed SIMPACO method for the RBTO of double layer grids.
521
542
M.
Mashayekhi
M.
Mashayekhi
J.
Salajegheh
J.
Salajegheh
M.J.
Fadaee
M.J.
Fadaee
E.
Salajegheh
E.
Salajegheh
Double layer grids; reliability-based topology optimization; solid isotropic material with penalization; ant colony optimization; two-stage optimization method
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OPTIMAL DESIGN OF ARCH DAMS FOR FREQUENCY LIMITATIONS USING CHARGED SYSTEM SEARCH AND PARTICLE SWARM OPTIMIZATION
2
2
In recent years, the importance of economical considerations in the field of dam engineering has motivated many researchers to propose new methods for minimizing the cost of dames and in particular arch dams. This paper presents a method for shape optimization of double curvature arch dams corresponding to minimum construction cost while satisfying different constraints such as natural frequencies, stability and geometrical limitations. For optimization, the charged system search (CSS) and particle swarm optimization (PSO) are employed. To validate the finite element model, a real arch dam is considered as a test example. The results of the present method are compared to those of other optimization algorithms for the selected example from literature.
543
555
A.
Kaveh
A.
Kaveh
V.R.
Mahdavi
V.R.
Mahdavi
Arch dam; natural frequency; charged system search; particle swarm optimization
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AN EXTENSION TO STOCHASTIC TIME-COST TRADE-OFF PROBLEM OPTIMIZATION WITH DISCOUNTED CASH FLOW
2
2
In this paper, an efficient multi-objective model is proposed to solve time-cost trade off problem considering cash flows. The proposed multi-objective meta-heuristic is based on Ant colony optimization and is called Non Dominated Archiving Ant Colony Optimization (NAACO). The significant feature of this work is consideration of uncertainties in time, cost and more importantly interest rate. A fuzzy approach is adopted to account for uncertainties. Mathematics of cash-flow analysis in a fuzzy environment is described. A case study is done using the proposed approach
557
570
A.
Afshar
A.
Afshar
E.
Kalhor
E.
Kalhor
Multi-objective optimization; time-cost trade off; cash-flow analysis; naaco; uncertainty; fuzzy sets theory
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ANT COLONY ALGORITHMS FOR NONLINEAR ANALYSIS AND OPTIMAL DESIGN OF STRUCTURES
2
2
In this paper nonlinear analysis of structures are performed considering material and geometric nonlinearity using force method and energy concepts. For this purpose, the complementary energy of the structure is minimized using ant colony algorithms. Considering the energy term next to the weight of the structure, optimal design of structures is performed. The first part of this paper contains the formulation of the complementary energy of truss and frame structures for the purpose of linear analysis. In the second part material and geometric nonlinearity of structure is considered using Ramberg-Osgood relationships. In the last part optimal simultaneous analysis and design of structure is studied. In each part, the efficiency of the methods is illustrated by means simple examples.
571
595
A.
Kaveh
A.
Kaveh
M.
Hassani
M.
Hassani
Force method; continuous ant colony optimization; nonlinear analysis; design; optimization; material and geometric nonlinearity; simultaneous analysis and design of structures
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DETERMINATION OF ATTENUATION RELATIONSHIPS USING AN OPTIMIZATION PROBLEM
2
2
The main objective of this study is to present new method on the basis of genetic algorithms for attenuation relationship determination of horizontal peak ground acceleration and spectral acceleration. The proposed method employs the optimization capabilities of genetic algorithm to determine the coefficients of attenuation relationships of peak ground and spectral accelerations. This method has been applied to 361 Iranian earthquake records with magnitudes between 4.5 and 7.4 obtained from two seismic zones, namely Zagros and Alborz-Central Iran. The obtained results indicated that the proposed method can be characterized as a powerful tool for prediction horizontal peak ground and spectral accelerations.
597
607
A.
Bagheria
A.
Bagheria
G.
Ghodrati Amirib
G.
Ghodrati Amirib
M.
Khorasanib
M.
Khorasanib
J.
Haghdoust
J.
Haghdoust
Attenuation relationship; genetic algorithm; peak ground acceleration; spectral acceleration
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OPTIMAL SHAPE DESIGN OF GRAVITY DAMS BASED ON A HYBRID META-HERURISTIC METHOD AND WEIGHTED LEAST SQUARES SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINE
2
2
A hybrid meta-heuristic optimization method is introduced to efficiently find the optimal shape of concrete gravity dams including dam-water-foundation rock interaction subjected to earthquake loading. The hybrid meta-heuristic optimization method is based on a hybrid of gravitational search algorithm (GSA) and particle swarm optimization (PSO), which is called GSA-PSO. The operation of GSA-PSO includes three phases. In the first phase, a preliminary optimization is accomplished using GSA as local search. In the second phase, an optimal initial swarm is produced using the optimum result of GSA. Finally, PSO is employed to find the optimum design using the optimal initial swarm. In order to reduce the computational cost of dam analysis subject to earthquake loading, weighted least squares support vector machine (WLS-SVM) is employed to accurately predict dynamic responses of gravity dams. Numerical results demonstrate the high performance of the hybrid meta-heuristic optimization for optimal shape design of concrete gravity dams. The solutions obtained by GSA-PSO are compared with those of GSA and PSO. It is revealed that GSA-PSO converges to a superior solution compared to GSA and PSO, and has a lower computation cost.
609
632
J.
Salajegheh
J.
Salajegheh
S.
Khosravi
S.
Khosravi
Concrete gravity dams; optimal shape; gravitational search algorithm; particle swarm optimization; weighted least squares support vector machine
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ISOGEOMETRIC STRUCTURAL SHAPE OPTIMIZATION USING PARTICLE SWARM ALGORITHM
2
2
One primary problem in shape optimization of structures is making a robust link between design model (geometric description) and analysis model. This paper investigates the potential of Isogeometric Analysis (IGA) for solving this problem. The generic framework of shape optimization of structures is presented based on Isogeometric analysis. By discretization of domain via NURBS functions, the analysis model will precisely demonstrate the geometry of structure. In this study Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) is used for Isogeometric shape optimization. The option of selecting the position and weight of control points as design variables, needless to sensitivity analysis relationships, is the superiority of the proposed method over gradient-based methods. The other advantages of this method are its straightforward implementation
633
645
S.
Shojaee
S.
Shojaee
N.
Valizadeh
N.
Valizadeh
M.
Arjomand
M.
Arjomand
Isogeometric Analysis; NURBS; exact geometry; shape optimization; particle swarm algorithm
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