Iran University of Science & Technology
Iran University of Science & Technology
2228-7558
3
1
2013
3
1
OPTIMAL SENSOR PLACEMENT FOR DAMAGE DETECTION BASED ON A NEW GEOMETRICAL VIEWPOINT
1
21
EN
S.
Beygzadeh
E.
Salajegheh
P.
Torkzadeh
J.
Salajegheh
S.S.
Naseralavi
In this study, efficient methods for optimal sensor placement (OSP) based on a new geometrical viewpoint for damage detection in structures is presented. The purpose is to minimize the effects of noise on the damage detection process. In the geometrical viewpoint, a sensor location is equivalent to projecting the elliptical noise on to a face of response space which is corresponding to the sensor. The large diameters of elliptical noise make the damage detection process problematic. To overcome this problem, the diameters of the elliptical noise are scaled by filter factor to obtain an elliptical called equivalent elliptical noise. Based on the geometrical viewpoint, six simple forward algorithms are introduced to find the OSP. To evaluate the merits of the proposed method, a two-dimensional truss, under both static and dynamic loads, is studied. Numerical results demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed method.
Iran University of Science & Technology
Iran University of Science & Technology
2228-7558
3
1
2013
3
1
CHAOS EMBEDDED CHARGED SYSTEM SEARCH FOR PRACTICAL OPTIMIZATION PROBLEMS
23
36
EN
B.
Nouhi
S.
Talatahari
H.
Kheiri
Chaos is embedded to the he Charged System Search (CSS) to solve practical optimization problems. To improve the ability of global search, different chaotic maps are introduced and three chaotic-CSS methods are developed. A comparison of these variants and the standard CSS demonstrates the superiority and suitability of the selected variants for practical civil optimization problems.
Iran University of Science & Technology
Iran University of Science & Technology
2228-7558
3
1
2013
3
1
SIMULTANEOUS ANALYSIS, DESIGN AND OPTIMIZATION OF WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS USING SUPERVISED CHARGED SYSTEM SEARCH
37
55
EN
A.
Kaveh
B.
Ahmadi
F.
Shokohi
N.
Bohlooli
The present study encompasses a new method to simultaneous analysis, design and optimization of Water Distribution Systems (WDSs). In this method, analysis procedure is carried out using Charged System Search (CSS) optimization algorithm. Besides design and cost optimization of WDSs are performed simultaneous with analysis process using a new objective function in order to satisfying the analysis criteria, design constraints and cost optimization. Comparison of achieved results clearly signifies the efficiency of the present method in reducing the WDSs construction cost and computational time of the analysis. These comparisons are made for three benchmark practical examples of WDSs.
Iran University of Science & Technology
Iran University of Science & Technology
2228-7558
3
1
2013
3
1
A HYBRID ALGORITHM FOR SIZING AND LAYOUT OPTIMIZATION OF TRUSS STRUCTURES COMBINING DISCRETE PSO AND CONVEX APPROXIMATION
57
83
EN
S.
Shojaee
M.
Arjomand
M.
Khatibinia
An efficient method for size and layout optimization of the truss structures is presented in this paper. In order to this, an efficient method by combining an improved discrete particle swarm optimization (IDPSO) and method of moving asymptotes (MMA) is proposed. In the hybrid of IDPSO and MMA, the nodal coordinates defining the layout of the structure are optimized with MMA, and afterwards the results of MMA are used in IDPSO to optimize the cross-section areas. The results show that the hybrid of IDPSO and MMA can effectively accelerate the convergence rate and can quickly reach the optimum design.
Iran University of Science & Technology
Iran University of Science & Technology
2228-7558
3
1
2013
3
1
OPTIMUM SHAPE DESIGN OF DOUBLE-LAYER GRIDS BY QUANTUM BEHAVED PARTICLE SWARM OPTIMIZATION AND NEURAL NETWORKS
85
98
EN
S.
Gholizadeh
P.
Torkzadeh
S.
Jabarzadeh
In this paper, a methodology is presented for optimum shape design of double-layer grids subject to gravity and earthquake loadings. The design variables are the number of divisions in two directions, the height between two layers and the cross-sectional areas of the structural elements. The objective function is the weight of the structure and the design constraints are some limitations on stress and slenderness of the elements besides the vertical displacements of the joints. To achieve the optimization task a variant of particle swarm optimization (PSO) entitled as quantum-behaved particle swarm optimization (QPSO) algorithm is employed. The computational burden of the optimization process due to performing time history analysis is very high. In order to decrease the optimization time, the radial basis function (RBF) neural networks are employed to predict the desired responses of the structures during the optimization process. The numerical results demonstrate the effectiveness of the presented methodology
Iran University of Science & Technology
Iran University of Science & Technology
2228-7558
3
1
2013
3
1
EFFICIENCY OF IMPROVED HARMONY SEARCH ALGORITHM FOR SOLVING ENGINEERING OPTIMIZATION PROBLEMS
99
114
EN
S.
Carbas
M.P.
Saka
Many optimization techniques have been proposed since the inception of engineering optimization in 1960s. Traditional mathematical modeling-based approaches are incompetent to solve the engineering optimization problems, as these problems have complex system that involves large number of design variables as well as equality or inequality constraints. In order to overcome the various difficulties encountered in obtaining the solution of these problems, new techniques called metaheuristic algorithms are suggested. These techniques are numerical optimization algorithms that are based on a natural phenomenon. In this study, a state-of-art improved harmony search method with a new adaptive error strategy is proposed to handle the design constraints. Number of numerical examples is presented to demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed algorithm in solving engineering optimization problems.
Iran University of Science & Technology
Iran University of Science & Technology
2228-7558
3
1
2013
3
1
WEIGHT OPTIMIZATION OF TRUSS STRUCTURES USING WATER CYCLE ALGORITHM
115
129
EN
H.
Eskandar
A.
Sadollah
A.
Bahreininejad
Water cycle algorithm (WCA) is a new metaheuristic algorithm which the fundamental concepts of WCA are derived from nature and are based on the observation of water cycle process and how rivers and streams flow to sea in the real world. In this paper, the task of sizing optimization of truss structures including discrete and continues variables carried out using WCA, and the optimization results were compared with other well-known optimizers. The obtained statistical results show that the WCA is able to provide faster convergence rate and also manages to achieve better optimal solutions compared to other efficient optimizers.
Iran University of Science & Technology
Iran University of Science & Technology
2228-7558
3
1
2013
3
1
FIXED-WEIGHT EIGENVALUE OPTIMIZATION OF TRUSS STRUCTURES BY SWARM INTELLIGENT ALGORITHMS
131
149
EN
M.
Shahrouzi
A.
Yousefi
Meta-heuristics have already received considerable attention in various engineering optimization fields. As one of the most rewarding tasks, eigenvalue optimization of truss structures is concerned in this study. In the proposed problem formulation the fundamental eigenvalue is to be maximized for a constant structural weight. The optimum is searched using Particle Swarm Optimization, PSO and its variant PSOPC with Passive Congregation as a recent meta-heuristic. In order to make further improvement an additional hybrid PSO with genetic algorithm is also proposed as PSOGA with the idea of taking benefit of various movement types in the search space. A number of benchmark examples are then treated by the algorithms. Consequently, PSOGA stood superior to the others in effectiveness giving the best results while PSOPC had more efficiency and the least fit ones belonged to the Standard PSO.
Iran University of Science & Technology
Iran University of Science & Technology
2228-7558
3
1
2013
3
1
CONFIGURATION OPTIMIZATION OF TRUSSES USING A MULTI HEURISTIC BASED SEARCH METHOD
151
178
EN
A.
Kaveh
V.R
Kalatjari
M.H
Talebpour
J.
Torkamanzadeh
Different methods are available for simultaneous optimization of cross-section, topology and geometry of truss structures. Since the search space for this problem is very large, the probability of falling in local optimum is considerably high. On the other hand, different types of design variables (continuous and discrete) lead to some difficulties in the process of optimization. In this article, simultaneous optimization of cross-section, topology and geometry of truss structures is performed by utilizing the Multi Heuristic based Search Method (MHSM) that overcome the above mentioned problem and obtains good results. The presented method performs the optimization by dividing the searching space into five subsections in which an MHSM is employed. These subsections are named procedure islands. Some examples are then presented to scrutinize the method more carefully. Results show the capabilities of the present algorithm for optimal design of truss structures.
Iran University of Science & Technology
Iran University of Science & Technology
2228-7558
3
1
2013
3
1
HYBRID ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS BASED ON ACO-RPROP FOR GENERATING MULTIPLE SPECTRUM-COMPATIBLE ARTIFICIAL EARTHQUAKE RECORDS FOR SPECIFIED SITE GEOLOGY
179
207
EN
G.
Ghodrati Amiri
P.
Namiranian
The main objective of this paper is to use ant optimized neural networks to generate artificial earthquake records. In this regard, training accelerograms selected according to the site geology of recorder station and Wavelet Packet Transform (WPT) used to decompose these records. Then Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) optimized with Ant Colony Optimization and resilient Backpropagation algorithm and learn to relate the dimension reduced response spectrum of records to their wavelet packet coefficients. Trained ANNs are capable to produce wavelet packet coefficients for a specified spectrum, so by using inverse WPT artificial accelerograms obtained. By using these tools, the learning time of ANNs reduced salient and generated accelerograms had more spectrum-compatibility and save their essence as earthquake accelerograms.