Iran University of Science & Technology
Iran University of Science & Technology
2228-7558
4
2
2014
6
1
Isogeometric Topology Optimization by Using Optimality Criteria and Implicit Function
151
163
EN
S. M.
Tavakkoli
B.
Hassani
A new method for structural topology optimization is introduced which employs the Isogeometric Analysis (IA) method. In this approach, an implicit function is constructed over the whole domain by Non-Uniform Rational B-Spline (NURBS) basis functions which are also used for creating the geometry and the surface of solution of the elasticity problem. Inspiration of the level set method zero level of the function describes the boundary of the structure. An optimality criterion is derived to improve the implicit function towards the optimum boundaries. The last section of this paper is devoted to some numerical examples in order to demonstrate the performance of the method as well as the concluding remarks.
Iran University of Science & Technology
Iran University of Science & Technology
2228-7558
4
2
2014
6
1
ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS VIA COLLIDING BODIES OPTIMIZATION
165
185
EN
A.
Kaveh
F.
Shokohi
B.
Ahmadi
This paper describes the application of the recently developed metaheuristic algorithm for simultaneous analysis, design and optimization of Water Distribution Systems (WDSs). In this method, analysis is carried out using Colliding Bodies Optimization algorithm (CBO). The CBO is a population-based search approach that imitates nature’s ongoing search for better solutions. Also, design and cost optimization of WDSs are performed simultaneous with analysis process using a new objective function in order to satisfying the analysis criteria, design constraints and cost optimization. A number of practical examples of WDSs are selected to demonstrate the efficiency of the presented algorithm. Comparison of obtained results clearly signifies the efficiency of the CBO method in reducing the WDSs construction cost and computational time of the analysis.
Iran University of Science & Technology
Iran University of Science & Technology
2228-7558
4
2
2014
6
1
DYNAMIC PERFORMANCE OPTIMIZATION OF TRUSS STRUCTURES BASED ON AN IMPROVED MULTI-OBJECTIVE GROUP SEARCH OPTIMIZER
187
205
EN
L. J.
Li
Z. H.
Huang
This paper presents an improved multi-objective group search optimizer (IMGSO) that is based on Pareto theory that is designed to handle multi-objective optimization problems. The optimizer includes improvements in three areas: the transition-feasible region is used to address constraints, the Dealer’s Principle is used to construct the non-dominated set, and the producer is updated using a tabu search and a crowded distance operator. Two objective optimization problems, the minimum weight and maximum fundamental frequency, of four truss structures were optimized using the IMGSO. The results show that IMGSO rapidly generates the non-dominated set and is able to handle constraints. The Pareto front of the solutions from IMGSO is clearly dominant and has good diversity.
Iran University of Science & Technology
Iran University of Science & Technology
2228-7558
4
2
2014
6
1
DAMAGE IDENTIFICATION OF TRUSSES BY FINITE ELEMENT MODEL UPDATING USING AN ENHANCED LEVENBERG-MARQUARDT ALGORITHM
207
231
EN
F.
Sarvi
S.
Shojaee
P.
Torkzadeh
This paper presents an efficient method for updating the structural finite element model. Model updating is performed through minimizing the difference of recorded acceleration of real damaged structure and hypothetical damaged structure, by updating physical parameters in each phase using iterative process of Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm. This algorithm is based on sensitivity analysis and provides a linear solution for nonlinear damage detection problem. The presented method is capable of detecting the exact location and ratio of structural damage in the presence of noise or incomplete data.
Iran University of Science & Technology
Iran University of Science & Technology
2228-7558
4
2
2014
6
1
COMPUTATIONALLY EFFICIENT OPTIMUM DESIGN OF LARGE SCALE STEEL FRAMES
233
259
EN
S.
Kazemzadeh Azad
O.
Hasançebi
S.
Kazemzadeh Azad
Computational cost of metaheuristic based optimum design algorithms grows excessively with structure size. This results in computational inefficiency of modern metaheuristic algorithms in tackling optimum design problems of large scale structural systems. This paper attempts to provide a computationally efficient optimization tool for optimum design of large scale steel frame structures to AISC-LRFD specifications. To this end an upper bound strategy (UBS), which is a recently proposed strategy for reducing the total number of structural analyses in metaheuristic optimization algorithms, is used in conjunction with an exponential variant of the well-known big bang-big crunch optimization algorithm. The performance of the UBS integrated algorithm is investigated in the optimum design of two large-scale steel frame structures with 3860 and 11540 structural members. The obtained numerical results clearly reveal the usefulness of the employed technique in practical optimum design of large-scale structural systems even using regular computers.
Iran University of Science & Technology
Iran University of Science & Technology
2228-7558
4
2
2014
6
1
OPTIMIZATION-BASED MONITORING-SUPPORTED CALIBRATION OF A THERMAL PERFORMANCE SIMULATION MODEL
261
271
EN
M.
Taheri
A.
Mahdavi
Building performance simulation is being increasingly deployed beyond the building design phase to support efficient building operation. Specifically, the predictive feature of the simulation-assisted building systems control strategy provides distinct advantages in view of building systems with high latency and inertia. Such advantages can be exploited only if model predictions can be relied upon. Hence, it is important to calibrate simulation models based on monitored data. In the present paper, we report on the use of optimization-aided model calibration in the context of an existing university building. Thereby, our main objective is to deploy data obtained via the monitoring system to both populate the initial simulation model and to maintain its fidelity through an ongoing optimization-based calibration process. The results suggest that the calibration can significantly improve the predictive performance of the thermal simulation model.
Iran University of Science & Technology
Iran University of Science & Technology
2228-7558
4
2
2014
6
1
Optimum Design of Scallop Domes for Dynamic Time History Loading by Harmony Search-Firefly Algorithm
273
291
EN
R.
Kamyab
E.
Salajegheh
This paper presents an efficient meta-heuristic algorithm for optimization of double-layer scallop domes subjected to earthquake loading. The optimization is performed by a combination of harmony search (HS) and firefly algorithm (FA). This new algorithm is called harmony search firefly algorithm (HSFA). The optimization task is achieved by taking into account geometrical and material nonlinearities. Operation of HSFA includes three phases. In the first phase, a preliminary optimization is accomplished using HS. In the second phase, an optimal initial population is produced using the first phase results. In the last phase, FA is employed to find optimum design using the produced optimal initial population. The optimum design obtained by HSFA is compared with those of HS and FA. It is demonstrated that the HSFA converges to better solution compared to the other algorithms.