Iran University of Science & Technology
Iran University of Science & Technology
2228-7558
9
2
2019
4
1
OPTIMUM PERFORMANCE-BASED DESIGN OF CONCENTRICALLY BRACED STEEL FRAMES SUBJECTED TO NEAR-FAULT GROUND MOTION EXCITATIONS
177
193
EN
B.
Ganjavi
I.
Hajirasouliha
This paper presents a practical methodology for optimization of concentrically braced steel frames subjected to forward directivity near-fault ground motions, based on the concept of uniform deformation theory. This is performed by gradually shifting inefficient material from strong parts of the structure to the weak areas until a state of uniform deformation is achieved. In this regard, to overcome the complexity of the ordinary steel concentrically braced frames a simplified analytical model for seismic response prediction of concentrically braced frames is utulized. In this approach, a multistory frame is reduced to an equivalent shear-building model by performing a pushover analysis. A conventional shear-building model has been modified by introducing supplementary springs to account for flexural displacements in addition to shear displacements. It is shown that modified shear-building models provide a better estimation of the nonlinear dynamic response of real framed structures compared to nonlinear static procedures. Finally, the reliability of the proposed methodology has been verified by conducting nonlinear dynamic analysis on 5, 10 and 15 story frames subjected to 20 forward directivity pulse type near-fault ground motions.
Iran University of Science & Technology
Iran University of Science & Technology
2228-7558
9
2
2019
4
1
Modified Sine-Cosine Algorithm for Sizing Optimization of Truss Structures with Discrete Design Variables
195
212
EN
S.
Gholizadeh
R.
Sojoudizadeh
This paper proposes a modified sine cosine algorithm (MSCA) for discrete sizing optimization of truss structures. The original sine cosine algorithm (SCA) is a population-based metaheuristic that fluctuates the search agents about the best solution based on sine and cosine functions. The efficiency of the original SCA in solving standard optimization problems of well-known mathematical functions has been demonstrated in literature. However, its performance in tackling the discrete optimization problems of truss structures is not competitive compared with the existing metaheuristic algorithms. In the framework of the proposed MSCA, a number of worst solutions of the current population is replaced by some variants of the global best solution found so far. Moreover, an efficient mutation operator is added to the algorithm that reduces the probability of getting stuck in local optima. The efficiency of the proposed MSCA is illustrated through multiple benchmark optimization problems of truss structures.
Iran University of Science & Technology
Iran University of Science & Technology
2228-7558
9
2
2019
4
1
OPTIMIZATION CRITERIA FOR DESIGN OF TUNED MASS DAMPERS INCLUDING SOILâ€“STRUCTURE INTERACTION EFFECT
213
232
EN
R.
Kamgar
M.
Khatibinia
M.
Khatibinia
Many researches have focused on the optimal design of tuned mass damper (TMD) system without the effect of soil–structure interaction (SSI), so that ignoring the effect of SSI may lead to an undesirable and unrealistic design of TMD. Furthermore, many optimization criteria have been proposed for the optinal design of the TMD system. Hence, the main aim of this study is to compare different optimization criteria for the optimal design of the TMD system considering the effects of SSI in a high–rise building. To acheive this purpose, the optimal TMD for a 40–storey shear building is firstly evaluated by expressing the objective functions in terms of the reduction of structural responses (including the displacement and acceleration) and the limitation of the scaled stroke of TMD. Then, the best optimization criterion is selected, which leads to the best performance for the vibration control of the structure. In this study, the whale optimization algorithm (WOA) is employed to optimize the parameters of the TMD system. The numerical results show that the soil type and selected objective function efficiently affect the optimal design of the TMD system.
Iran University of Science & Technology
Iran University of Science & Technology
2228-7558
9
2
2019
4
1
MODELING OF FLOW NUMBER OF ASPHALT MIXTURES USING A MULTIâ€“KERNEL BASED SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINE APPROACH
233
250
EN
M.
Araghi
M.
Khatibinia
Flow number of asphalt–aggregate mixtures as an explanatory factor has been proposed in order to assess the rutting potential of asphalt mixtures. This study proposes a multiple–kernel based support vector machine (MK–SVM) approach for modeling of flow number of asphalt mixtures. The MK–SVM approach consists of weighted least squares–support vector machine (WLS–SVM) integrating two kernel functions in order to improve the learning and generalization ability of WLS–SVM. In the proposed method, a linear convex combination of the radial basis function (RBF) and Morlet wavelet kernel functions is adopted, which are considered as the most popular kernel functions. To validate the efficiency of the proposed method, experiments are conducted on a database including 118 uniaxial dynamic creep test results. The results of the statistical criteria show a good agreement between the predicted and measured flow number values. Further, the simulation results demonstrate that the proposed MK–SVM approach has more superior performance than the single kernel based WLS–SVM and other methods found in the literature.
Iran University of Science & Technology
Iran University of Science & Technology
2228-7558
9
2
2019
4
1
ADAPTIVE NEURO-FUZZY INFERENCE SYSTEM AND STEPWISE REGRESSION FOR COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH ASSESSMENT OF CONCRETE CONTAINING METAKAOLIN
251
272
EN
Y.
Sharifi
M.
Hosseinpour
In the current study two methods are evaluated for predicting the compressive strength of concrete containing metakaolin. Adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) model and stepwise regression (SR) model are developed as a reliable modeling method for simulating and predicting the compressive strength of concrete containing metakaolin at the different ages. The required data in training and testing state obtained from a reliable data base. Then, a comparison has been made between proposed ANFIS model and SR model to have an idea about the predictive power of these methods.
Iran University of Science & Technology
Iran University of Science & Technology
2228-7558
9
2
2019
4
1
A HYBRID CHARGED SYSTEM SEARCH - FIREFLY ALGORITHM FOR OPTIMIZATION OF WATER DISTRIBUTION NETWORKS
273
290
EN
S.
Delir
A.
Foroughi-Asl
S.
Talatahari
Water distribution networks are one of the important and costly infrastructures of cities and many meta-heuristic algorithms in standard or hybrid forms were used for optimizing water distribution networks. These algorithms require a large amount of computational cost. Therefore, the converging speed of algorithms toward the optimization goal is as important as the goal itself. In this paper, a new method is developed by linking the charged system search algorithm and firefly algorithm for optimizing water distribution networks. For evaluating the proposed method, some popular benchmark examples are considered. Simulation results demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed algorithm compared to others.
Iran University of Science & Technology
Iran University of Science & Technology
2228-7558
9
2
2019
4
1
A MULTI-OBJECTIVE OPTIMIZATION MODEL FOR PROJECT PORTFOLIO SELECTION CONSIDERING AGGREGATE COMPLEXITY: A CASE STUDY
291
311
EN
S. H.
Iranmanesh
M.
Shakhsi-Niaei
H.
Rastegar
Existing project selection models do not consider the complexity of projects as a selection criterion, while their complexity may prolong the project duration and even result in its failure. In addition, existing models cannot formulate the aggregate complexity of the selected projects. The aggregated complexity is not always equal to summation of complexity of projects because of possible synergies or conflicts between them may increase or decrease the total complexity. In this paper, a model is proposed for measuring the aggregate complexity in the selection of project portfolios. A case study is presented to show the usefulness of the model and its applicability in practice. Moreover, several large-sized numerical examples have been tested showing the capability of the model to solve such problems in logical computational time.
Iran University of Science & Technology
Iran University of Science & Technology
2228-7558
9
2
2019
4
1
MODELING FLEXURAL STRENGTH OF EPS LIGHTWEIGHT CONCRETE USING REGRESSION, NEURAL NETWORK AND ANFIS
313
329
EN
J.
Sobhani
M.
Ejtemaei
A.
Sadrmomtazi
M. A.
Mirgozar
Lightweight concrete (LWC) is a kind of concrete that made of lightweight aggregates or gas bubbles. These aggregates could be natural or artificial, and expanded polystyrene (EPS) lightweight concrete is the most interesting lightweight concrete and has good mechanical properties. Bulk density of this kind of concrete is between 300-2000 kg/m3. In this paper flexural strength of EPS is modeled using four regression models, nine neural network models and four adaptive Network-based Fuzzy Interface System model (ANFIS). Among these models, ANFIS model with Bell-shaped membership function has the best results and can predict the flexural strength of EPS lightweight concrete more accurately.
Iran University of Science & Technology
Iran University of Science & Technology
2228-7558
9
2
2019
4
1
ADAPTIVE NEURO-FUZZY INFERENCE SYSTEM OPTIMIZATION USING PSO FOR PREDICTING SEDIMENT TRANSPORT IN SEWERS
331
342
EN
F.
Yosefvand
S.
Shabanlou
S.
Kardar
The flow in sewers is a complete three phase flow (air, water and sediment). The mechanism of sediment transport in sewers is very important. In other words, the passing flow must able to wash deposited sediments and the design should be done in an economic and optimized way. In this study, the sediment transport process in sewers is simulated using a hybrid model. In other words, using the Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) and the Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm a hybrid algorithm (ANFIS-PSO) is developed for predicting the Froude number of three phase flows. This inference system is a set of if-then rules which is able to approximate non-linear functions. In this model, PSO is employed for increasing the ANFIS efficiency by adjusting membership functions as well as minimizing error values. In fact, the PSO algorithm is considered as an evolutionary computational method for optimizing the process continues and discontinues decision making functions. Additionally, PSO is considered as a population-based search method where each potential solution, known as a swarm, represents a particle of a population. In this approach, the particle position is changed continuously in a multidimensional search space, until reaching the optimal response and or computational limitations. At first, 127 ANFIS-PSO models are defined using parameters affecting the Froude number. Then, by analyzing the ANFIS-PSO model results, the superior model is presented. For the superior model, the Mean Absolute Percentage Error (MAPE), Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) and the determination coefficient (R2) were calculated equal to 5.929, 0.324 and 0.975, respectively.
Iran University of Science & Technology
Iran University of Science & Technology
2228-7558
9
2
2019
4
1
TUNNEL BORING MACHINE PENETRATION RATE PREDICTION BASED ON RELEVANCE VECTOR REGRESSION
343
353
EN
H.
Fattahi
key factor in the successful application of a tunnel boring machine (TBM) in tunneling is the ability to develop accurate penetration rate estimates for determining project schedule and costs. Thus establishing a relationship between rock properties and TBM penetration rate can be very helpful in estimation of this vital parameter. However, this parameter cannot be simply predicted since there are nonlinear and unknown relationships between rock properties and TBM penetration rate. Relevance vector regression (RVR) is one of the robust artificial intelligence algorithms proved to be very successful in recognition of relationships between input and output parameters. The aim of this paper is to show the application of RVR in prediction of TBM performance. The model was applied to available data given in open source literatures. In this model, uniaxial compressive strengths of the rock (UCS), the distance between planes of weakness in the rock mass (DPW) and rock quality designation (RQD) were utilized as the input parameters, while the measured TBM penetration rates was the output parameter. The performances of the proposed predictive model was examined according to two performance indices, i.e., coefficient of determination (R2) and mean square error (MSE). The obtained results of this study indicated that the RVR is a reliable method to predict penetration rate with a higher degree of accuracy.
Iran University of Science & Technology
Iran University of Science & Technology
2228-7558
9
2
2019
4
1
A HYBRID ALGORITHM FOR THE OPEN VEHICLE ROUTING PROBLEM
355
371
EN
F.
Maleki
M.
Yousefikhoshbakht
The open vehicle routing problem (OVRP) is a variance of the vehicle routing problem (VRP) that has a unique character which is its open path form. This means that the vehicles are not required to return to the depot after completing service. Because this problem belongs to the NP-hard problems, many metaheuristic approaches like the ant colony optimization (ACO) have been used to solve OVRP in recent years. The versions of ACO have some shortcomings like its slow computing speed and local-convergence. Therefore, in this paper, we present an efficient hybrid elite ant system called EHEAS in which a new state transition rule, tabu search as an effective local search algorithm and a new pheromone updating rule are used for more improving solutions. These modifications avoid the premature convergence and make better solutions. Computational results on sixteen standard benchmark problem instances show that the proposed algorithm finds closely the best known solutions for most of the instances in which ten best known solutions are also found. In addition, EHEAS is comparable in terms of solution quality to the best performing published metaheuristics.