Volume 12, Issue 1 (1-2022)                   2022, 12(1): 47-67 | Back to browse issues page

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Payandeh-Sani M, Ahmadi-Nedushan B. SEMI-ACTIVE NEURO-CONTROL FOR MINIMIZING SEISMIC RESPONSE OF BENCHMARK STRUCTURES. International Journal of Optimization in Civil Engineering 2022; 12 (1) :47-67
URL: http://ijoce.iust.ac.ir/article-1-504-en.html
Abstract:   (5729 Views)
This article presents numerical studies on semi-active seismic response control of structures equipped with Magneto-Rheological (MR) dampers. A multi-layer artificial neural network (ANN) was employed to mitigate the influence of time delay, This ANN was trained using data from the El-Centro earthquake. The inputs of ANN are the seismic responses of the structure in the current step, and the outputs are the MR damper voltages in the current step. The required training data for the neural controller is generated using genetic algorithm (GA). Using the El-Centro earthquake data, GA calculates the optimal damper force at each time step. The optimal voltage is obtained using the inverse model of the Bouc-Wen based on the predicted force and the corresponding velocity of the MR damper. This data is stored and used to train a multi-layer perceptron neural network. The ANN is then employed as a controller in the structure. To evaluate the efficiency of the proposed method, three- story, seven- story and twenty-story structures with a different number of MR dampers were subjected to the Kobe, Northridge, and Hachinohe earthquakes. The maximum reduction in structural drifts in the three-story structure are 13.05%, 39.90%, 15.89%, and 8.21%, for the El-Centro, Hachinohe, Kobe, and Northridge earthquakes, respectively. As the control structure is using a pre-trained neural network, the computation load in the event of an earthquake is extremely low. Additionally, as the ANN is trained on seismic pre-step data to predict the damper's current voltage, the influence of time lag is also minimized.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Optimal design
Received: 2022/01/18 | Accepted: 2022/01/20 | Published: 2022/01/20

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